Does knowing multiple languages have an impact on the brain? Individuals who speak more than one language are shown to have a stronger dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, the part of the brain responsible for multi-tasking, problem-solving and focussing (Nacamuli, 2015).
If you ever studied another language you must be familiar with the different parts of language knowledge. The active part of language is being able to speak and write, and the passive part of language includes reading and listening. Some people (I can definitely speak from experience) are stronger at one part of language than the other. Though is it too late to learn another language? Learning another language as an infant is beneficial, though it is never too late to learn. Studying another language can prolong the effects of Alzheimer’s, so if you think it is too late to learn something new — you are wrong! Sign-up for a language course, speak to the waiters in a new country and download a language learning app (Kluger, 2013).
The types of bilinguals include:
1. A coordinate bilingual is someone who knows one language and is studying another, having two separate linguistic concepts. For example if your first language is Spanish but you start taking French lessons.
2. A compound bilingual is someone who learns two languages simultaneously from birth. For example, if your parents immigrated from another country and are teaching you two languages at once. Therefore, two different language codes are being developed at the same time.
3. A subordinate bilingual is someone who is learning a new language through code-switching and using their first language to translate and learn a new language. For example, if you move to a new country and start learning the new language.
Despite it being easier to master a language at a young age, the best thing is that each bilingual has an equal chance of mastering a language.
There are many perks to learning a new language. Such as having the ability to communicate with individuals from all around the world, to eaves-drop conversations (that was my primary motivation to learn my parent’s native language #sorrynotsorry), and to ensure you are on the right boat when traveling in a different country. Sometimes if you are really lucky, it’ll help you from getting ripped-off while traveling.
Kluger, Jeffrey. “How the Brain Benefits From Being Bilingual | TIME.com.” Time. Time, 18 July 2013. Web. 08 Oct. 2016.
White, Lori. “Didn’t Learn a Second Language as a Kid? No Worries. Here’s Why You Might Want to Learn One Anyway.” Upworthy. N.p., 02 July 2015. Web. 08 Oct. 201 6